Culture Is Life

 

The Elders’ Report

Elders-Report

The Culture is Life Elders’ Report Into Preventing Indigenous Self-harm and Youth Suicide is a solutions-based report (film, photography and written) that was put together under the instruction of Indigenous Elders detailing their experience, concerns and insights into what they see as the solution to lowering, and ultimately ending, the alarmingly high incidence of self-harm and Indigenous youth suicide in Australia. The report has now been distributed widely throughout Australia as well as to the international community. It has also been presented to all members of the State and Federal parliaments, as well as key stakeholder groups in the medical, academic and legal communities. And with this we continue lobbying for change.

“Not supporting homelands, not supporting cultural education, and not supporting cultural activities is actually a matter of life and death for us. It’s not just a nice little thing to support; it’s our people’s inner soul” – Bernard Tipiloura, Melville Island NT

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Evaluation Project Report

 

 

This ground-breaking report, commissioned by the Australian Government and released on 10 November 2016, ‘sets out a new blueprint to improve suicide-prevention services and programmes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people based on the principle of prioritising community-led, culturally-appropriate services’.

DOWNLOAD REPORT

 

It’s Time for Change Campaign

 

  1.  Frequently Asked Questions:

Please note: we’re answering questions from a broader Australian perspective who are seeking information.

Who are Australia’s Indigenous people?

The traditional custodians of our country, now known as Australia, are our First Peoples. They have been the custodians of the land and waterways for more than 65 000 years.

At the time of European settlement, 230 years ago, there were over 250 language groups covering the continent. The many people that made up these culturally diverse groups are now commonly referred to as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

This means that our First Peoples are not one group, and that all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups throughout Australia have different ideologies and belief systems. It is important to acknowledge that each group follow different lore, have distinct customs and express their connection to their culture in varying ways.

In practice, the appropriate language to use when referring to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is to refer to them as the First Peoples, or Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, rather than Indigenous Peoples.

What is the intention of Australia Day?

It’s a day for all Australians to celebrate the things that we love about Australia. It’s a day to reflect on what it means to be Australian, to celebrate this country and to acknowledge our history.

It’s also about acknowledging and celebrating the contribution that every Australian makes to our contemporary, dynamic and multicultural nation.

What’s the significance of January 26?

For many of our First Peoples, January 26 is not a date to celebrate and it is often felt that the celebrations that occur on Australia Day are exclusive of them. On the day, First Peoples reflect on the invasion of their land and the resulting deep loss that has occurred, the loss of sovereign rights, loss of family, loss of language and loss of the right to practice culture. Since 1938, our First People have observed January 26 as a day of mourning.
January 26 marks the anniversary of the arrival of the First Fleet of British ships in 1788. Simply put, the day Australia was colonised. On that day Captain Arthur Phillip, commander of the First Fleet of eleven convict ships from Great Britain arrived at Sydney Cove and raised the Union Jack to signal the beginning of the colony.

Hasn’t January 26 always been the date to celebrate Australia Day?

No, in fact Australia Day was not consistently celebrated on January 26 as a public holiday in all states and territories until 1994 (24 years ago). Before 1994, Australia Day was moved each year to facilitate a long weekend.

Why do Aboriginal people call Australia Day ‘Survival Day’ or ‘Invasion Day’?

January 26 is known by many Aboriginal people as ‘Survival Day’ or ‘Invasion Day’ as the date signifies the trauma caused by government policies of assimilation, the recognition of the violence that occurred and the forced removal of many people (particularly children) from their traditional lands and culture. In 1938, 150 years after the arrival of the First Fleet, Australia’s First People began to observe January 26 as a day of mourning. The date marked the beginning of protest and appeal to the government and public for equal rights and improvements to welfare, through policy and education.

In 1988, Australia’s states and territories agreed to celebrate Australia Day on 26 January, rather than with a long weekend. At that time Aboriginal people renamed Australia Day, ‘Invasion Day’, a great demonstration of activism and resilience.

Why do Aboriginal People want Australia Day on an alternative date?

For many of Australia’s First Peoples, January 26 is a day to remember the pain inflicted on Aboriginal people since the colonisation of Australia. It’s a time of reflection on the ongoing impact of the arrival of non-indigenous people to this land. It is also a time to acknowledge the ongoing cultural survival of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples.

What will changing the date achieve?

Changing the date that we collectively celebrate inclusively of all people will strengthen the resolve of our young people, and encourage them to celebrate our beautiful cultures that exist on this land.

What date would it be changed to?

Alternative dates have already been discussed at length, and coming to an agreement nationwide would depend on sensitivity to the wishes of Australia’s First People. In addition, it would also take on the views and sensitivities of all Australians to create a day of celebration.

Do Aboriginal people want an Australia Day?

Of course. The vast majority of Aboriginal people want to live in a unified Australia, to hold a collective Australian identity, one that values and celebrates our ancient cultural heritage. However, most Aboriginal people would like to see Australia Day held on a more a suitable day, one that is inclusive of all Australians.

Celebrating Australia Day on a day that holds so much historic heartache alters the intention of Australian Day; ‘a day for all Australians to celebrate’.

What can I do to support? 

There are plenty of ways that you can show your support to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples by engaging and spreading the message:

Follow

By following Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations and individuals on social media channels, you can follow the conversation and keep up-to-date with what’s happening, see where and how you can attend events in your local area. Hear directly from our First Peoples about their thoughts and perspectives on January 26.

Share

Social media can be a powerful tool to share information with groups of people within your networks. People who are interested but unaware of the impact that January 26 has on many of our First Peoples.

To increase the potential for learning and share the knowledge with new demographics it is important that people take an active role to increase people’s understanding about the history of January 26.

Pass On

Often it can be a burden for our First Peoples to be constantly educating people on Aboriginal perspectives, especially when it comes to January 26. You can show your support for our First Peoples by being informed and choosing to have the conversation about the history of January 26 and its ongoing impact on many Aboriginal people. You could share this information with your friends, family, colleagues and networks.

The link below also provides you with 10 ways to stand with Aboriginal people this Survival Day.

https://www.amnesty.org.au/survival-day-australia-indigenous/

 

Where can I find more information?

It’s great that you’re interested in increasing your knowledge. Below is a list of some readings and helpful resources that you can browse that will help broaden your understanding of the impact of January 26 and reveal more perspectives about how our First Peoples feel about January 26.

RESOURCES

10 ways to stand with Indigenous people this Survival Day

https://www.amnesty.org.au/survival-day-australia-indigenous/

 

Nayuka Gorrie: Triple M’s plan to run ‘Ozzest 100’ is an embarrassing vie for attention

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/dec/21/triple-ms-plan-to-run-ozzest-100-is-an-embarrassing-vie-for-attention?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

 

Indigenous artists criticise Triple M’s decision to run Australia Day top 100

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2017/dec/20/triple-m-says-it-will-host-its-own-version-of-hottest-100-on-australia-day

 

Henry Reynolds: Triple J did the right thing, we need a new Australia Day

https://theconversation.com/henry-reynolds-triple-j-did-the-right-thing-we-need-a-new-australia-day-88249

 

Ian Macfarlane: Australia Day – Let’s shift it for a truly national celebration

http://www.theaustralian.com.au/opinion/australia-day-lets-shift-it-for-a-truly-national-celebration/news-story/62366f9307eab4865a55a7b650b3f3f9

 

Reconciliation Australia: Should we change the date of Australia Day?

https://www.reconciliation.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Rec-News-Should-We-Change-Australia-Day.pdf

 

The Conversation Jan 26, 2017

This is part of a series examining Australian national identity, especially around the ongoing debate about Australia Day. https://theconversation.com/australia-day-invasion-day-survival-day-a-long-history-of-celebration-and-contestation-70278

 

The Age Aug 26, 2-07 – Three steps to changing to changing the date of Australia Day

http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/three-steps-to-changing-the-date-of-australia-day/8813408

 

What would it take to change the date of Australia Day? ABC, Wed 25 Jan 2017

http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/what-would-it-take-to-change-the-date-of-australia-day/8209122

 

Australia Day celebrations will be dumped by another council

http://mashable.com/2017/09/14/australia-day-moreland-council/#MFiUW.WUpqqw

 

How Indigenous voices are using social media to #ChangeTheDate

http://mashable.com/2017/01/24/indigenous-australians-change-the-date/#_BZ3R6R3fOqC

 

ACT first Australian jurisdiction to gazette Reconciliation Day public holiday

http://www.canberratimes.com.au/act-news/act-first-australian-jurisdiction-to-gazette-reconciliation-day-public-holiday-20170912-gyfmdq.html

 

Melbourne’s Moreland City Council votes to scrap Australia Day Celebrations

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-13/moreland-city-council-votes-to-scrap-australia-day-celebrations/8942172

 

Why we need to change the date of Australia Day

http://indigenousx.com.au/why-we-need-to-change-the-date-of-australia-day/#.Wb70sNMjHGI

 

Reconciliation Australia’s position

https://www.reconciliation.org.au/news/australia-day-critical-to-our-nations-reconciliation/

 

Web resource for Aboriginal communities and local government working together

http://www.maggolee.org.au/

 

AB Original – January 26

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZ9qeX4gUeo

 

The Arias 2017 – AB Original Briggs and Trials, Paul Kelly and Dan Sultan Dumb Things and Gang of Youths

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2017/nov/28/arias-2017-gang-of-youths-paul-kelly-ab-original-winners

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-28/aria-awards-2017-winners-paul-kelly-gang-of-youths/9200660

Stan Grant’s speech on Racism and the Australian Dream

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-24/stan-grants-racism-is-killing-the-australia-dream-speech-viral/7110506

 

Joe Williams, former NRL star, stands by decision to remain seated during national anthem, will not return citizenship

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-01-29/joe-williams-wont-return-award-amid-national-anthem-controversy/7123316

 

Change the Date: hip-hop artists collaborate on new Australia Day track: From Urthboy and Ozi Batla to https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2017/jan/24/change-the-date-australian-hip-hop-artists-collaborate-on-new-track-ahead-of-26-january

 

‘It happened years ago’: Dandenong Council rejects cancellation of January 26 celebrations

https://www.sbs.com.au/nitv/article/2017/11/01/it-happened-years-ago-dandenong-council-rejects-cancellation-january-26

 

Invasion Day Melbourne rally draws tens of thousands of protesters

http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/invasion-day-melbourne-rally-draws-tens-of-thousands-of-protesters-20170126-gtz3ce.html

 

Lamb Ad tackles Indigenous land rights and immigration

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/video/2017/jan/12/australia-day-lamb-ad-tackles-indigenous-land-rights-and-immigration-video

 

    2. Additional Information:

What does Terra Nullius mean?

Terra Nullius is a Latin expression meaning “nobody’s / no one’s land”, and is a principle sometimes used in international law to describe territory that may be acquired by a state’s occupation of it.

How was it applied in this country?

In 1770, the arrival of Lt. James Cook marked the beginning of the end for our First Peoples’ way of life. Cook’s voyage of exploration had sailed under instructions to take possession of the Southern Continent if it was uninhabited, or with the consent of the inhabitants if it was occupied. Upon his arrival, Lt. Cook declared the land he called New South Wales to be the property of Britain’s King George III, and ignored the inconvenient fact that the land was already well populated. The point that was argued in the legal discussions was that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples had no concept of land ownership before white settlement, and therefore they could not properly claim the land as theirs. Cook’s failure to even attempt to gain the consent of the original inhabitants began the legal fiction that Australia was waste and unoccupied.

What is the significance of 3 June 1992?

The Mabo Native Title case.

The Mabo Case was a significant legal case in Australia that recognised the land rights of the Meriam people, traditional owners of the Murray Islands (which include the islands of Mer, Dauer and Waier) in the Torres Strait. The Mabo Case challenged the existing Australian legal system from two perspectives:

  • On the assumption that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples had no concept of land ownership before the arrival of British colonisers in 1788 (terra nullius).
  • That sovereignty delivered complete ownership of all land in the new Colony to the Crown, abolishing any existing rights that may have existed previously.

What was the decision?

The Mabo decision was a legal case held in 1992. It is short for Mabo and others v Queensland (No 2) (1992). The legal decision was made by the High Court on 3 June 1992. The High Court is the highest court in Australia’s judicial system. The Mabo decision was named after Eddie Mabo, the man who challenged the Australian legal system and fought for recognition of the rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples as the traditional owners of their land.

Who is Eddie Mabo?

Eddie ‘Koiki’ Mabo was a Torres Strait Islander who believed Australian laws on land ownership were wrong and fought to change them. He was born in 1936 on Mer, which is also known as Murray Island, in the Torres Strait. When he was growing up, life in the Torres Strait Islands was strictly regulated with laws made by the Queensland Government. In his heart, Eddie believed the land he lived on belonged to the Torres Strait Islander people who had lived there for thousands of years. But the Australian Government also believed that it owned the land. In 1981, Eddie Mabo made a speech at James Cook University in Queensland, where he explained his people’s beliefs about the ownership and inheritance of land on Mer. A lawyer heard the speech and asked Eddie if he would like to challenge the Australian Government in the court system, to decide who the true owner of land on Mer was—his people or the Australian Government. And this is exactly what Eddie Mabo did.

What is Mabo Day?

Each year on 3 June we commemorate Mabo Day and the courageous efforts of Eddie ‘Koiki Mabo’ to overturn the fiction of terra nullius (land belonging to no-one), the legal concept that Australia and the Torres Strait Islands were not owned by Indigenous peoples because they did not ‘use’ the land in ways Europeans believed constituted some kind of legal possession.

Why was the case so important?

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples occupied Australia for 65,000+ years before the British arrived in 1788. They spoke their own languages and had their own laws and customs. They also had a strong connection to ‘country’ – the Australian land. When the British arrived, they declared that Australia was terra nullius (empty land – or land that belongs to nobody). As a result, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ occupation of and unique connection with the land were not recognised, and the British took the land without agreement or payment. The Mer Islanders decided they would be the ones to challenge the legal principle of terra nullius in the High Court and that Eddie Mabo would be the one to lead that action.

What was the result?

The Mabo case ran for 10 years. On 3 June 1992, the High Court of Australia decided that terra nullius should not have been applied to Australia. This decision recognised that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have rights to the land – rights that existed before the British arrived and can still exist today. The Mabo decision was a turning point for the recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ rights, because it acknowledged their unique connection with the land. It also led to the Australian Parliament passing the Native Title Act in 1993. Sadly, Eddie Mabo never found out the result of his legal case. He died in January 1992, just five months before the High Court made its decision.

What does native title mean?

Native title is the legal recognition that some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples have rights to, and interests in, certain land because of their traditional laws and customs. The rights granted by native title are not unlimited – they depend on the traditional laws and customs of the people claiming title. Other people’s interests in, or rights to, the land are also relevant, and usually take precedence over native title. To have native title recognised under the Native Title Act 1993, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples must prove that they have a continuous connection to the land in question, and that they have not done anything to break that connection (such as selling or leasing the land). Native title can be recognised in different ways. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples may be granted the right to live on the land; access the area for traditional purposes; visit and protect important places and sites; hunt, fish or gather traditional food or resources on the land; or teach Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander laws and customs on the land. In some cases, native title can include the right to own and occupy an area of land or water to the exclusion of all others

Why is native title important?

Native title is important because dispossession and denial of land was the first act in the relationship between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and Europeans; setting the tone for the events that followed. The Native Title Act 1993 is important because it determines how native title interests are formally recorded and recognised. It sets the rules for dealing with land where native title still exists or may exist. Today, native title has been recognised in more than two million square kilometres of land. Indigenous land use agreements set out arrangements between native title holders and others regarding who can access and use the land in question. These agreements play an important role in making native title work for all Australians. There are currently 967 registered Indigenous land use agreements in place.

Sources

http://www.aboriginalheritage.org/history/history/

https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/articles/mabo-case

https://www.reconciliation.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/mabo-decision_2017.pdf

 

The term ‘Aboriginal’ is used to refer to both Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Peoples

 

 

The following list of predominantly Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations and websites has been compiled to direct you to a range of cultural, educational and health related resources – it is far from complete and will be updated regularly.
If you know of any additional organisations, websites or Apps that you have found helpful in any of the following areas,
please email and tell us about them.

 

You can click the below links to jump to the corresponding section:

Connecting to Country (inc. Aboriginal Land Councils)

Key National Organisations

Culture and Arts

Education and Research

Health and Wellbeing

Media

Significant Dates

Sport and Recreation

Suicide Prevention

Young People

 

Connecting to Country

When Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people use the word ‘Country’ it encompasses not just the land, but also its nature and culture – a cultural connection to the land is based on each community’s distinct culture, traditions and laws.

If you’re interested in finding out whose Country you are on, and learning about the local people, take a look at the Aboriginal Language Map, and then contact the Aboriginal Land Council responsible for that region.

 

Aboriginal Language Map

Created by David R. Horton, the map attempts to represent the language, tribal or nation groups of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people of Australia. It shows only the general locations of larger groupings of people – which may include clans, dialects or individual languages in a group – and is not intended to be exact nor the boundaries fixed. For more information about the groups of people in a particular region contact the relevant Land Councils.

Available at: https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/articles/aiatsis-map-indigenous-australia

 

Aboriginal Land Councils

Land councils are generally organised by region, and have been formed to represent the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who occupied a particular region prior to colonisation. They have historically advocated for recognition of traditional land rights for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and provide representation and organisation in relation to Native Title matters.

Contact your local Land Council (listed below) to find out more about whose Country you’re on.

New South Wales

New South Wales Aboriginal Land Council

Available at: http://www.alc.org.au/

Murdipaaki

http://www.mpra.com.au/

Murdi Paaki Regional Assembly (MPRA) is the peak representative structure that represents the interest of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in 16 communities across Western NSW.

MPRA and its membership of Community Working Parties, CWPs, form the governance framework that provides strategic engagement and co-ordination from Australian and NSW Governments and service providers for the delivery of services and programs against priorities determined by Aboriginal people through a comprehensive planning process. After some years of activity, membership was extended to include 4 Young Leader representatives who change from time to time and representatives from the 3 zone Land Council representatives covered by the Murdi Paaki Regional Assembly area.

MPRA’s governance model promotes the practice of good governance, responsible leadership and empowerment, this is a legacy of the former Murdi Paaki ATSIC Regional Council.

 

Northern Territory

Anindilyakawa Land Council, Northern Territory

Available at: http://anindilyakwa.com.au/

Central Land Council, Northern Territory

Available at: http://www.clc.org.au/

Northern Land Council, Northern Territory

Available at: http://www.nlc.org.au/

Tiwi Land Council, Northern Territory

Available at: http://www.tiwilandcouncil.com/

 

Queensland

Cape York Land Council

Available at: http://www.cylc.org.au/

Central Queensland Land Council

No website available

North Queensland Land Council

Available at: http://nqlc.com.au/

Torres Strait Regional Authority

Available at: http://www.tsra.gov.au/ 

Torres Strait Island Regional Council

http://www.tsirc.qld.gov.au/

South Australia

Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara

Available at: http://www.anangu.com.au/

Maralinga Tjarutja

Available at: http://maralingatjarutja.com/

Tasmania

Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre

Available at: http://tacinc.com.au/

 

Victoria

Barengi Gadjin Land Council Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://www.bglc.com.au/

Dja Dja Wurrung Clans Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://www.djadjawurrung.com.au/

GunaiKurnai Land and Waters Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://www.gunaikurnai.org

Gunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: https://www.gunditjmirring.com/

Martang Party Ltd

No website available

Taungurung Clans Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://taungurung.com.au/

Wathaurong Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://www.wathaurong.org.au/

Wurundjeri Tribe Land Compensation and Cultural Heritage Council Incorporated

Available at: http://www.wurundjeri.com.au/

Yorta Yorta Nation Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://www.yynac.com.au/

http://www.boonwurrung.org/

The Boon Wurrung Foundation represents the traditional people and custodians of the lands from the Werribee River to Wilson Promontory and we are proud members of the Kulin People – the Boonwurrung and Woiwurrung.

http://www.kaielainstitute.org.au

The Kaiela Institute supports collaboration between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal leaders to envision, design and implement an inclusive future for all people in the Goulburn Murray region.

http://www.brambuk.com.au/

Brambuk National Park and Cultural Centre is about bringing life to the history and culture of the Jardwadjali and Djab Wurrung and aboriginal communities of south-western Victoria.

Ownership of Brambuk is shared between five Aboriginal communities with historic links to the Gariwerd-Grampians ranges and the surrounding plains. Since their dispossession. Aboriginal people have moved trough two phases – resistance and persistence – and have now entered a third phase, renewal. Brambuk stands as a symbol and affirmation of that process of renewal.

We intend to provide visitors with the very best of park and cultural information, to make your stay in the Grampians a satisfying and memorable experience.

Yorta Yorta Country

http://www.yynac.com.au/

Gunai

http://www.gunaikurnai.com.au/

www.gunaikurnai.org/ 

 

Western Australia

Goldfields Land and Sea Council

Available at: http://www.glsc.com.au/

Kimberley Land Council

Available at: http://www.klc.org.au/

Ngaanyatjarra Council Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: https://www.ngaanyatjarra.org.au/

South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council

Available at: http://www.noongar.org.au/

Yamatji Marlpa Aboriginal Corporation

Available at: http://ymac.org.au/

 

National Organisations

ANTaR (Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation)

ANTaR is an independent, national network of organisations and individuals working in support of Justice, Rights and Respect for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in Australia.

Available at: https://antar.org.au/

 

Australian Human Rights Commission

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice section on the website contains information on Native Title, Indigenous international rights, information sheets and more.

Available at: http://www.humanrights.gov.au/our-work/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-social-justice

 

National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples

Drawing strength from culture and history, Congress is the national representative body for its membership – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander individuals and organisations – and an independent national voice, leader, advocate and source of advice and expertise for First Peoples and the wider community.

Available at: http://nationalcongress.com.au/

 

OXFAM Australia

Oxfam’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People’s Program undertakes strategic initiatives to help build Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s capacity, political participation, community action, and health and wellbeing to challenge injustice. It is also a founding member of the Close the Gap Coalition.

Available at: https://www.oxfam.org.au/what-we-do/indigenous-australia/our-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-program/

 

Reconciliation Australia

Reconciliation Australia is an independent not-for-profit organisation that promotes and facilitates reconciliation by building relationships, respect and trust between the wider Australian community and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

https://www.reconciliation.org.au/

 

Supply Nation 

Supply Nation, established in 2009 to connect our membership of Australia’s leading brands and government with Indigenous businesses across the country, is the Australian leader in supplier diversity.

Available at: http://www.supplynation.org.au/

 

Culture and Arts

Artists in the Black

A specialised service for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artists, communities and arts organisations, Artists in the Black is operated by the Arts Law Centre of Australia. It provides access to free or low cost, culturally appropriate, specialist legal resources to support and strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander arts sector, to work towards a sustainable income in a non-exploitative environment for artists, and to achieve better recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander intellectual property.

Available at: https://www.aitb.com.au/

 

Association of Northern, Kimberley and Arnhem Aboriginal Artists (ANKAAA)

The peak advocacy and support agency for Aboriginal artists working individually and through 48 remote art centres in Arnhem Land, Darwin/Katherine, the Kimberley and the Tiwi Islands regions.

Available at: http://ankaaa.org.au/

 

Deadly Vibe: Our culture, our stories, our health

Deadly Vibe Group is an Aboriginal media, PR and events group of companies with a suite of fully integrated communication products that are utilised and enjoyed by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities across Australia.

Available at: http://www.deadlyvibe.com.au/.

 

Healing Foundation – Healing Portal

A world-first hub for Indigenous healing resources, this online portal provides culturally appropriate information about what is working in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander healing and the latest research on topics including: trauma, traditional healing, Stolen Generations, children and young people, education, training and employment.

Available at: https://healingfoundation.org.au/healing-portal/

 

Koorie Heritage Trust

Located in Melbourne’s Federation Square, the Koorie Heritage Trust has the only public collection dedicated solely to Koorie art and culture ; an oral history program and reference library; a cultural education service; an annual exhibition program; a Koorie Family History Service; and a retail outlet showcasing Victorian Aboriginal art and design.

Available at: http://koorieheritagetrust.com.au/

 

Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute Inc.

Located in Adelaide, Tandanya is Australia’s oldest Aboriginal-owned and managed arts centre. With several gallery spaces, a conference room, theatre and retail outlet, it hosts a vibrant visual arts program dedicated to showcasing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander visual and performing arts.

Available at: http://www.tandanya.com.au/

 

Tribal Warrior Aboriginal Corporation

A non-profit community organisation, initiated and directed by Aboriginal people and Elders, established to spread and vitalise Aboriginal culture, and to empower disadvantaged Aboriginal and non-indigenous people by providing specialised training programs leading to employment opportunities in the maritime industries.

Available at: http://tribalwarrior.org/

 

Share our Pride

This website, hosted by Reconciliation Australia, aims to raise non-Indigenous Australians’ awareness about Australia’s First People by providing resources about First Australians, Our Culture, Our Shared History, Beyond the Myths and Respectful Relationships.

Available at: http://shareourpride.reconciliation.org.au/sections/our-shared-history/

 

Victorian Aboriginal Corporation for Languages (VACL)

VACL, the State body responsible for coordinating Community Language Programs, is focused on retrieving, recording and researching Victorian Aboriginal languages, providing a central resource of programs and educational tools, and reviving, strengthening and speaking Aboriginal languages.

Available at: http://www.vaclang.org.au/

 

Walyalup Aboriginal Cultural Centre

Walyalup exhibits the work of local Nyoongar artists and offers programs run by Aboriginal people in Aboriginal art, Nyoongar language, Aboriginal history and cultural tours.

Available at: http://www.fremantle.wa.gov.au/wacc

 

Yirramboi First Nations Festival

http://yirramboi.net.au/

Garma 

 http://www.yyf.com.au/

Laura Aboriginal Dance Festival

http://www.lauradancefestival.com/

Barunga Festival

http://barungafestival.com.au/

The Barunga Festival is an iconic event on the national festival calendar with a long and proud tradition of celebrating the best of remote Indigenous Australia. This much-loved Territory festival attracts a 4000-strong audience of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people from all over the world who descend upon the small remote community to camp and take part in a program of music, sport, traditional arts and cultural activities over the 3-day long weekend in June each year, welcomed by the traditional owners.

Boomerang Festival

http://www.boomerangfestival.com.au/

Boomerang is the first of its kind. Never has an Indigenous festival of this holistic calibre been so accessible; featuring an array of music, dance, theatre, comedy, film and visual arts, along with cultural knowledge exchanges and thought provoking conversations.

Boomerang features the very best our original culture has to offer in the arts, talks and ideas, as well as emerging musicians, and dancers, workshops and much more.

Hosted by the oldest living culture it’s a time to get up close and personal, there is nothing that quite matches the exchanges our audiences experience.

Homeground Festival – Sydney 

https://www.sydneyoperahouse.com/content/dam/pdfs/media-releases/2016/first-nations/Homeground-Media-release_FINAL090816.pdf

Education and Research

– Self-education

http://www.aiatsis.ashop.com.au/p/8646676/little-red-yellow-black-book-third-edition-the.html

ABC – First Footprints

http://www.abc.net.au/tv/firstfootprints/

 

Education and Research

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

AIATSIS is a world-renowned research, collections and publishing organisation, which promotes knowledge and understanding of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures, traditions, languages and stories, past and present.

Available at: http://aiatsis.gov.au/.

 

Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience

AIME Mentoring trains university students to be educational mentors to disadvantaged Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander school students.

Available at: https://aimementoring.com/

 

Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research

Hosted by the Australian National University in Canberra, the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research or CAEPR is Australia’s foremost social science research body focusing on Indigenous economic and social policy from a national perspective.

Available at: http://caepr.anu.edu.au/

 

Indigenous portal

A one-stop website that connects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with Australian Government policies, services and programs, and provides resources, contacts and information relevant to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Available at: http://www.indigenous.gov.au/

 

Kulunga Aboriginal Research Development Unit

Part of the Telethon Kids Institute, Kulunga provides advice, technical and cultural support across the Institute.

Available at: https://www.telethonkids.org.au/our-research/aboriginal-health/kulunga-aboriginal-research-development-unit2/

 

Menzies School of Health Research

Menzies is Australia’s leading medical research institute dedicated to improving the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and a leader in global and tropical research into life-threatening illnesses.

Available at: http://www.menzies.edu.au/

 

The Lowitja Institute

Australia’s national institute for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health research, named in honour of its Patron Dr Lowitja O’Donoghue, supports the health and wellbeing of Australia’s First Peoples through high-impact quality research, knowledge translation and fostering a new generation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health researchers. Available at: http://www.lowitja.org.au/

 

Health and Wellbeing

Australian Indigenous Doctors’ Association (AIDA)

A not-for-profit professional association contributing to equitable health and life outcomes, and the cultural wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, AIDA’s ultimate goal is to reach population parity of Indigenous doctors, and to inform and support a culturally safe health care system.

Available at: https://www.aida.org.au/

 

Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet

Now in its 20th year the HealthInfoNet is an award-winning web resource, funded by the Federal Department of Health and hosted by Edith Cowan University, that provides evidence-based and culturally appropriate support to Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health sector.

Available at: http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/.

 

Congress of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nurses and Midwives (CATSINaM)

The sole representative body for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nurses and midwives in Australia, CATSINaM’s primary function is to implement strategies to increase the recruitment and retention of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples into nursing and midwifery professions.

Available at: http://catsinam.org.au/

 

Closing the Gap Clearing House

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s clearinghouse for research and evaluation evidence on what works in overcoming Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander disadvantage

Available at: www.aihw.gov.au/closingthegap

 

Healthy Vibe (Healthy Mind)

Targeted, culturally sensitive communication services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

Available at: www.vibe.com.au

 

Peak representative bodies for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing

National

National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation

NACCHO is the national peak body representing more than 150 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) across Australia on Aboriginal health and wellbeing issues.

Available at: http://www.naccho.org.au/

 

States and Territories

The following peak bodies represent the ACCHSs in their State or Territory on Aboriginal health and wellbeing issues.

Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service (Australian Capital Territory)

Available at: http://www.winnunga.org.au/

Aboriginal Health & Medical Research Council of New South Wales

Available at: http://www.ahmrc.org.au/

Aboriginal Medical Services Alliance (Northern Territory)

Available at: http://www.amsant.org.au/

Central Australian Aboriginal Congress Inc. (Northern Territory)

Available at: http://www.caac.org.au/

Queensland Aboriginal & Islander Health Council

Available at: http://www.qaihc.com.au/

Aboriginal Health Council of South Australia Inc.

Available at: http://ahcsa.org.au/

Tasmanian Aboriginal Centre Inc.

Available at: http://tacinc.com.au/

Victorian Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation

Available at: http://www.vaccho.org.au/

Aboriginal Health Council of Western Australia

Available at: http://www.ahcwa.org.au/

 

Media

National Indigenous Television (NITV)

NITV is a channel made by, for and about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people that provides a rich diversity of cultures, languages and talent, and informs, educates and entertains all Australians about the issues that matter the most to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Available at: http://www.sbs.com.au/nitv/

 

National Indigenous Radio Service (NIRS)

A national program distribution service that delivers four radio channels of content produced by First Nations broadcasters via satellite distribution and the Internet, NIRS receives programs from a majority of the 180+ First Nations broadcasting services across Australia.

Available at: http://www.nirs.org.au/

 

3KND Kool & Deadly 1503AM

3KND, Melbourne’s first Indigenous owned and managed radio station, provides entertainment, information and a vital service not only to the Koori community but also to the wider community.

Available at: http://www.3knd.org.au/

 

Koori Radio 93.7FM

Gadigal Information Service, a leading Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander arts/media hub based in Sydney’s Redfern, is the home of Indigenous community radio station Koori Radio, which broadcasts 24/7 to the Greater Sydney region on 93.7fm and simulcast as KR00 on Digital Radio, with live streaming to the world.

Available at: http://www.kooriradio.com/

 

Nunga Wangga Radio

Produced by Radio Adelaide 101.5fm, Nunga Wangga Radio provides up-to-date info about cultural and community events, showcases Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander music, and features new artists and live studio performances.

Available at: https://www.facebook.com/nungawanggamedia/

 

98.9FM for the Best Country

Based in Brisbane, 98.9FM was the first Australian capital city Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander radio station, with a strong commitment to quality broadcasting of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander music, issues and news.

Available at: http://www.989fm.com.au

 

Noongar Radio 100.9FM

Managed by Noongar Media Enterprises (NME), Noongar Radio is ‘committed to the broadcast of positive, informed, empowering programs which support and promote the achievements and aspirations of the Noongar community it serves’, and to reconciliation and a more just and equal Australian society.

Available at: http://www.noongarradio.com/

 

Koori Mail

The fortnightly national newspaper the Koori Mail reports on the issues that matter to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and gives them a voice missing in the mainstream media.

Available at: http://koorimail.com/

 

National Indigenous Times

The National Indigenous Times is an online publication that aims to build a bridge between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and other Australians, report on the tough issues, and inform, engage and empower through promoting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander achievement.

Available at: http://nit.com.au/

 

CAAMA

https://caama.com.au/

CAAMA plays a major role in the maintenance of Indigenous Language and Culture in Central Australia. CAAMA’s social charter is to use the mediums of radio and television to give Aboriginal people a strong voice in the development of country, culture, politics and education; to use the broadcasting arts and sciences to arrest cultural disintegration, to empower people and bring inspiration to their lives.

 

 

Significant Dates

http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/about/news/4943

https://aiatsis.gov.au/explore/articles/dates-significance

http://www.nma.gov.au/exhibitions/off_the_walls/timelines

Teaching Heritage

http://www.teachingheritage.nsw.edu.au/section03/timeindig.php

 

Sport and Recreation

Academy of Sport, Health and Education (ASHE)

Based in Shepparton, rural Victoria, ASHE uses participation in sport to undertake education and training within a trusted, culturally appropriate environment, particularly for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students.

Available at: http://ashe.unimelb.edu.au/

 

Korin Gamadji Institute 

The Institute, an integral part of the Richmond Football Club, delivers with its partners a range of programs in leadership development, education and training, and career pathways within a space that celebrates cultural pride and supports our next generation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders.

Available at: http://www.kgi.org.au/.

 

National Aboriginal Sporting Chance Academy (NASCA)

NASCA utilises the power of structured sporting and cultural programs to harness the educational, employment and health aspirations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people.

Available at: http://nasca.org.au/

 

Suicide Prevention

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Evaluation Project 2016

The report – Solutions That Work: What the Evidence and Our People Tell Us – emanating from this project recommended both improvements to existing suicide prevention services and programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and alternative evidenced-based service and program delivery models. It also recommended prioritising Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ways of working; establishing an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth forum; strengthening the evidence base; and developing an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural framework for suicide prevention services and programs.

Available at: http://www.atsispep.sis.uwa.edu.au/

Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention

AISRP, the leading Australian centre for research, clinical practice, education and community action for suicide prevention, promotes high-quality research, clinical practice, and education for the prevention of suicidal behaviour in Australia.

Available at: https://www.facebook.com/Australian-Institute-for-Suicide-Research-and-Prevention-Aisrap-578878585503753/?pnref=story

 

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS)

The ABS Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Deaths Overview (3309.0 – Suicides Australia, 2010) presents the total number of suicide deaths, age-specific death rates and rate ratios by sex for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and non-Indigenous people in NSW, Queensland, SA, WA and the NT, 2001–10.

Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Products/3309.0~2010~Chapter~Aboriginal+and+Torres+Strait+Islander+suicide+deaths

 

beyondblue

beyondblue provides information and support to help everyone to assist all Australians achieve their best possible mental health, whatever their age and wherever they live.

Available at: https://www.beyondblue.org.au/

 

Lifeline

Lifeline is a national charity providing all Australians experiencing a personal crisis with access to 24-hour crisis support, as well as suicide prevention services such as self-help toolkits, facts and information, and real stories.

Available at: https://www.lifeline.org.au/

 

https://www.griffith.edu.au/health/australian-institute-suicide-research-prevention

AISRAP is the leading Australian centre for research, clinical practice, education and community action for suicide prevention, sought after for the quality of the advice and the outcomes it provides in linking research and practice. 

AISRAP’s mission is to promote high quality research, clinical practice, and education for the prevention of suicidal behaviour in Australia. 

https://kurdijiapp.wordpress.com/

Kurdiji 1.0  is an app being created by Warlpiri Indigenous elders designed to save young indigenous lives

 

Youth

Australian Youth Development Index

A composite index that collectively measures the development of young Australians aged 15–29 using five domains: Education, Health and Wellbeing, Employment and Opportunity, Political Participation and Civic Participation for young people.

Available at: http://www.youthaction.org.au/australian_ydi

 

Foundation for Young Australians (FYA)

FYA is about inspiring, supporting and connecting the next generation of young people who are going to rethink the world and create a better future.

Available at: http://www.fya.org.au/

 

headspace

headspace is the National Youth Mental Health Foundation providing early intervention mental health services to 12–25 year olds, along with assistance in promoting young peoples’ wellbeing, in four core areas: mental health, physical health, work and study support, and alcohol and other drug services.

Available at: https://www.headspace.org.au/

 

Koorie Youth Council

The Koorie Youth Council (KYC) is the representative body for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people in Victoria. Led by an Executive of 15 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people and our State-wide members, KYC values the diversity and strength of young people as decision makers. KYC advocates to government and community to advance the rights and representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people.

Available at: http://koorieyouth.org.au/

 

Maggolee

Maggolee – ‘here in this place’ – contains information about each of the 79 Victorian local government areas, and actions that councils can take to build closer relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities and to progress reconciliation. Funded by the Victorian Government, the site includes information on policy and programs, protocols and cultural awareness, key contacts, relevant local data, news and events.

Available at: http://maggolee.org.au/

 

National Centre of Indigenous Excellence (NCIE)

The NCIE builds capabilities and creates opportunities with and for generations of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people through its social enterprise units that support the delivery of life-changing programs such as the NCIE Fitness Centre, Swimming Programs, Accommodation and Conferences, and the Job Ready program.

Available at: http://ncie.org.au/

 

 

 


 Below is a selection of interview excerpts of Elders featured in the Report

Lorna Hudson

Lorna Hudson OAM

Bardi Elder
Derby, WA

WATCH VIDEO

James Gaykamangu

Yolngu Elder
Milingimbi, NT

WATCH VIDEO

Baydon Williams

Traditional Owner
Hermannsburg, NT

WATCH VIDEO

Andrew Dowadi

Barada Elder
Maningrida, NT

WATCH VIDEO